Clearcast Concrete & Stone Products
In order to build a free standing wall, you must first start with a solid base of either compacted rock or concrete.
    Laying the First Course:
    •        When laying the first course be sure that it is level in all directions.  
    •        If possible utilize a serpentine design instead of a straight wall to add to the strength of the free standing wall
    Laying the Second and Subsequent Courses:
    •        Place the next course of stones on top of the lower course so the side alignment groove lines up with the center alignment groove to achieve a zero
    setback.
    •        Again be sure to offset the stones from left to right to avoid a vertical joint.
    •        It is recommended to use construction adhesive between the top two or three layers to help stabilize the wall.
    Laying the Top Cap:
    •        In order to achieve a more finished appearance, when laying the last course of your wall, turn the stones over so the smooth side is facing up.
    •        Dig a trench where the wall is desired approximately 14” wide, the entire length of the wall.  Dependent upon the height of the wall, the trench should be
    between 2” and 6” deep.
    Laying the First Course:
    •        Lay the first course of stones with the smooth side down.
    •        Ensure that your fist course is level in all directions.  Any height discrepancies in the first course will be exaggerated with each subsequent course.
    •        Use sand to help aid the leveling process.
    •        Place a perforated drain pipe behind the first course of stones to allow water to drain from behind the wall.
    Laying the Second and Subsequent Courses:
    The set back of the wall is obtained by using the alignment grooves on both the side of the stones as well as the three alignment grooves on the top of the
    stones.
    •        Lay the second course of stones on top of the first so that the alignment groove on the side of the block lines up with the alignment groove on top of
    the block which is closest to the soil to be retained.  This will give you 5/8” setback per course.
    •        Be sure to offset the stones from left to right to avoid a vertical joint.
    •        As each course is laid, backfill between the stones and the soil to be retained with a granular fill rock to help aid water drainage.
    •        Repeat this process for all remaining courses.
    Laying the Top Cap:
    •        In order to achieve a more finished appearance, when laying the last course of your wall, turn the stones over so the smooth side is facing up.
    Please note that walls can retaining walls can be build up to 3’ in height.  If the hill being retained requires a wall taller than that you will need to utilizing
    terracing.  If your lower wall is 3’ in height, you must terrace back 3’ and build another wall.